Buxi Jagabandhu : The Chief Architect of Khurda Paik Rebellion of 1817

Before occupying Orissa, the whole of Bengal in the north and the Oriya district of Ganjam in the south was already under the British suzerainty. So it became easier for the Britishers to attack Orissa from three sides. On 8th September 1803 the Britishers started from Madras and arrived at Puri on 16th September en-route …

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Makers of Modern Odisha: Sriram Chandra Bhanja Deo

Sri Ram Chandra was born on 17th December 1871 into a royal family in the princely state of Mayurbhanj. He ascended to the throne on 15th August 1892. He worked for the overall development of Mayurbhanj state and implemented a variety of benevolent measures to benefit the local populace. Pandit Utkalmani Gopabandhu became this ruler’s …

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Makers of Modern Odisha: Gangadhar Meher

Born in a weaver family in Barapalli, Sambalpur on August 9, 1862 on the day of Sravana Purnima. Educated up to the fifth grade. Dr. Mayadhar Mansingh holds high regard for Gangadhar Meher, stating in his History of Oriya Literature, “Gangadhar Meher is one of the most uncommon personalities and poets in the entire range …

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Makers of Modern Odisha: Utkala Gourav Madhusudan Das

On 28 April 1848, in Satyabhamapur, Cuttack District, he was born. Choudhuri Raghunath Das, Father; Parvati Devi, Mother. Madhusudan Das was the first Oriya to receive the Calcutta University’s M.A.B.L. degree. He was commonly referred to as Madhu Barrister and was respectfully referred to and addressed as “Utkal Gourav.” He was moved and shocked to …

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Makers of Modern Odisha: Fakir Mohan Senapati

Born on January 14, 1843, in Balasore’s Mallikashpur district. Laxman Charan Senapati is the father, and Tulsi Devi is the mother. He was instrumental in establishing Oriya’s distinct identity as a language and literature. Fakirmohan Senapati is widely regarded as the founder of modern Oriya nationalism and literature. He devoted his life to the advancement …

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Anglo-Maratha Conflicts in Odisha

The decline of Mughal Empire led to the rise of many small powers like the Marathas to declare themselves as independent powers. Some of them also started establishing themselves as important power in the political horizon of India by subduing the some states of India including Odisha either through war or diplomacy. In meanwhile, the …

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Salt Trade in Odisha During British Period

During the Maratha period a large quantity of salt was manufactured in the sea coast of Odisha. Salt manufacture was a private concern of the malangis (salt manufacturers). The merchants were purchasing salt from the Malangis and exporting the same to the neighbouring states. The Maratha Government did not interfere with the manufacture of salt …

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British Administration of Odisha

The British occupation of Odisha in 1803 ushered in a new era in the state’s history. Prior to that, Odisha had been ruled by an alien for an extended period of time. They established British administration in Odisha, which had a profound effect on the state. Indeed, the British administration significantly altered the lives of …

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