In the donated villages the peasants paid tax to the donees instead of the king. Next to agriculture, the most important industry of the Bhauma period was the manufacture of cloth.
Women enjoyed high position in the society during the Bhaumakara period. Although, they were dependant on their parents and husbands, still they commanded respect in the society.
Among the feudatories of the Bhaurna-Karas, the Bhanjas and Nandodbhavas were the followers of Vaishnavism. Saktism also received patronage from the Bhauma rulers. Their capital Guhadevapataka (Viraja) was a famous Sakti centre during that time.
>Like the Guptas, the Bhauma-Kara kings maintained good relation with the feudatories. Their kingdoms were not annexed and so, they remained as vassel states helping the Bhauma sovereign at the time of war.
After Subhakaradeva V, the last male ruler of the Bhauma-Kara dynasty, four female rulers occupied the Bhauma throne one after another.
A dynasty called Bhauma or Kar (also known as Bhaumakara) established its rule over the coastal belt of Orissa in the first, half of the eighth century A. D.. The capital of this dynasty, called as Guhadevapataka or Guhesvarapataka was situated near modern Jajpur town of the Jajpur district.